Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency:A Video-based Analysis

Philpot, Richard and Levine, Mark (2022) Evacuation Behavior in a Subway Train Emergency:A Video-based Analysis. Environment and Behavior, 54 (2). pp. 383-411. ISSN 0013-9165

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How do people behave in the seconds after they become aware they have been caught up in a real-life transport emergency? This paper presents the first micro-behavioral, video-based analysis of the behavior of passengers during a small explosion and subsequent fire on a subway train. We analyzed the behavior of 40 passengers present in the same carriage as the explosion. We documented the first action of the passengers following the onset of the emergency and described evidence of pro- and anti-social behavior. Passengers’ first actions varied widely. Moreover, anti-social behavior was rare and displays of pro-sociality were more common. In a quantitative analysis, we examined spatial clustering of running behavior and patterns in passenger exit choices. We found both homogeneity and heterogeneity in the running behavior and exiting choices of passengers. We discuss the implications of these findings for the mass emergency literature and for evacuation modeling.

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Journal Article
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Environment and Behavior
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Deposited On:
14 Jul 2021 08:25
Last Modified:
04 May 2022 02:08