Application of Spectral Kurtosis on vibration signals for the detection of cavitation in centrifugal pumps

Mousmoulis, Georgios and Yiakopoulos, Christos and Aggidis, George and Antoniadis, Ioannis and Anagnostopoulos, Ioannis (2021) Application of Spectral Kurtosis on vibration signals for the detection of cavitation in centrifugal pumps. Applied Acoustics, 182: 108289. ISSN 0003-682X

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The detection of cavitation formation in hydraulic turbomachinery has been widely investigated due to its significant impact on their steady and dynamic operation. The aim of this study is the application of Spectral Kurtosis tool in order to effectively detect the impulsive shock waves generated during the implosion of vapour bubbles. The methodology is applied and evaluated on the vibration signals obtained from two different semi-open impellers. The effects of loading conditions, along with the different geometrical characteristics of each impeller are examined. The test rig is manufactured from Plexiglas parts in order to be able to visualise and verify the presence of cavities in the rotating impeller. The results under initial cavitating conditions show that the high frequency implosions of vapour bubbles interact with the low frequency passing of the rotating blades and compose part of the vibration signal. The application of the band pass filter, with central frequency and bandwidth estimated from the Fast Kurtogram, to the original signal allows to extract this information both in time and in frequency domain, and to correlate the periodic impulsive behaviour with the blade passing frequency of the impeller. The present results support the establishment of a robust detection cavitation criterion in centrifugal pumps and show that Spectral Kurtosis is a useful tool for the prevention of related faults in centrifugal pumps.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Applied Acoustics
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Applied Acoustics. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Applied Acoustics, 182, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.apacoust.2021.108289
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? centrifugal pumpscondition monitoringcavitation detectionflow visualisationspectral kurtosisvibration measurementsacoustics and ultrasonics ??
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Deposited On:
12 Jul 2021 16:25
Last Modified:
12 Feb 2024 00:41