Role of Tim4 in the regulation of ABCA1+ adipose tissue macrophages and post-prandial cholesterol levels

Magalhaes, Marlene and Smith, Peter and Portman, Jordan and Jackson-Jones, Lucy and Bain, Calum and Ramachandran, Prakash and Michalidou, Zoi and Stimson, Roland and Dweck, Marc and Denby, Laura and Henderson, Neil and Jenkins, Stephen and Benezech, Cecile (2021) Role of Tim4 in the regulation of ABCA1+ adipose tissue macrophages and post-prandial cholesterol levels. Nature Communications, 12. ISSN 2041-1723

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Abstract

Dyslipidemia is a main driver of cardiovascular diseases. The ability of macrophages to scavenge excess lipids implicate them as mediators in this process and understanding the mechanisms underlying macrophage lipid metabolism is key to the development of new treatments. Here, we investigated how adipose tissue macrophages regulate post-prandial cholesterol transport. Single-cell RNA sequencing and protected bone marrow chimeras demonstrated that ingestion of lipids led to specific transcriptional activation of a population of resident macrophages expressing Lyve1, Tim4, and ABCA1. Blocking the phosphatidylserine receptor Tim4 inhibited lysosomal activation and the release of post-prandial high density lipoprotein cholesterol following a high fat meal. Both effects were recapitulated by chloroquine, an inhibitor of lysosomal function. Moreover, clodronate-mediated cell-depletion implicated Tim4+ resident adipose tissue macrophages in this process. Thus, these data indicate that Tim4 is a key regulator of post-prandial cholesterol transport and adipose tissue macrophage function and may represent a novel pathway to treat dyslipidemia.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nature Communications
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100
Subjects:
ID Code:
156804
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Jul 2021 10:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Oct 2021 04:58