The Long Sinuous Rille System in Northern Oceanus Procellarum and Its Relation to the Chang'e-5 Returned Samples:Geophysical Research Letters

Qian, Y. and Xiao, L. and Head, J.W. and Wilson, L. (2021) The Long Sinuous Rille System in Northern Oceanus Procellarum and Its Relation to the Chang'e-5 Returned Samples:Geophysical Research Letters. Geophys. Res. Lett., 48 (11). ISSN 0094-8276

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Abstract

China's Chang'e-5 (CE-5) mission recently returned samples from a young intermediate-Ti mare unit (Em4/P58, ∼1.5 Ga) in Northern Oceanus Procellarum. Rima Sharp, previously mapped as the longest lunar sinuous rille, is the most prominent volcanic feature associated with the landing region. Our analysis shows that Rima Sharp is not a single rille, but instead is composed of two separate rilles (Rima Sharp, originating from the North Vent, and Rima Mairan from the South Vent), meeting at ∼40.40°N, 48.38°W. Both vent have characteristics suggesting relatively low magma volatile contents. Rima Mairan and associated lavas (southeast of Em4/P58), embay and are slightly younger than Rima Sharp. Rille formation is largely influenced by pre-existing topography (earlier mare surface, proto-wrinkle ridges, highlands); rilles and deposits experienced post-formation deformation (wrinkle ridges, mare subsidence). CE-5 samples probably originate mainly from Rima Sharp's source vent, but may represent deposits from both rilles. © 2021. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

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Journal Article
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Geophys. Res. Lett.
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Export Date: 24 June 2021 CODEN: GPRLA Correspondence Address: Xiao, L.; State Key Laboratory of Geological Processess and Mineral Resources, China; email: longxiao@cug.edu.cn Correspondence Address: Head, J.W.; Department of Earth, United States; email: James_Head@brown.edu Funding details: D020101, D020205 Funding details: National Aeronautics and Space Administration, NASA, 80NSSC19K0605 Funding details: National Natural Science Foundation of China, NSFC, 41830214 Funding details: China Scholarship Council, CSC, 201906410015 Funding details: National Key Research and Development Program of China, NKRDPC, 2020YFE0202100 Funding text 1: This research was funded by the National Key R&D Program of China (2020YFE0202100), the Pre‐Research Project on Civil Aerospace Technologies (D020101, D020205), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (41830214). Yuqi Qian was funded by the China Scholarship Council 201906410015. James W. 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