Model-Based Geostatistical Methods Enable Efficient Design and Analysis of Prevalence Surveys for Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection and Other Neglected Tropical Diseases

Johnson, Olatunji and Fronterre, Claudio and Amoah, Benjamin and Montresor, Antonio and Giorgi, Emanuele and Midzi, Nicholas and Mutsaka-Makuvaza, Masceline Jenipher and Kargbo-Labor, Ibrahim and Hodges, Mary H and Zhang, Yaobi and Okoyo, Collins and Mwandawiro, Charles and Minnery, Mark and Diggle, Peter J (2021) Model-Based Geostatistical Methods Enable Efficient Design and Analysis of Prevalence Surveys for Soil-Transmitted Helminth Infection and Other Neglected Tropical Diseases. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 72 (Supple). S172-S179. ISSN 1058-4838

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Abstract

Maps of the geographical variation in prevalence play an important role in large-scale programs for the control of neglected tropical diseases. Precontrol mapping is needed to establish the appropriate control intervention in each area of the country in question. Mapping is also needed postintervention to measure the success of control efforts. In the absence of comprehensive disease registries, mapping efforts can be informed by 2 kinds of data: empirical estimates of local prevalence obtained by testing individuals from a sample of communities within the geographical region of interest, and digital images of environmental factors that are predictive of local prevalence. In this article, we focus on the design and analysis of impact surveys, that is, prevalence surveys that are conducted postintervention with the aim of informing decisions on what further intervention, if any, is needed to achieve elimination of the disease as a public health problem. We show that geospatial statistical methods enable prevalence surveys to be designed and analyzed as efficiently as possible so as to make best use of hard-won field data. We use 3 case studies based on data from soil-transmitted helminth impact surveys in Kenya, Sierra Leone, and Zimbabwe to compare the predictive performance of model-based geostatistics with methods described in current World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines. In all 3 cases, we find that model-based geostatistics substantially outperforms the current WHO guidelines, delivering improved precision for reduced field-sampling effort. We argue from experience that similar improvements will hold for prevalence mapping of other neglected tropical diseases.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2726
Subjects:
ID Code:
156176
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Jun 2021 15:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
07 Dec 2021 15:19