Multivariate Probabilistic Regression with Natural Gradient Boosting

O'Malley, Michael and Sykulski, Adam and Lumpkin, Rick and Schuler, Alejandro (2021) Multivariate Probabilistic Regression with Natural Gradient Boosting. arXiv. ISSN 2331-8422

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Many single-target regression problems require estimates of uncertainty along with the point predictions. Probabilistic regression algorithms are well-suited for these tasks. However, the options are much more limited when the prediction target is multivariate and a joint measure of uncertainty is required. For example, in predicting a 2D velocity vector a joint uncertainty would quantify the probability of any vector in the plane, which would be more expressive than two separate uncertainties on the x- and y- components. To enable joint probabilistic regression, we propose a Natural Gradient Boosting (NGBoost) approach based on nonparametrically modeling the conditional parameters of the multivariate predictive distribution. Our method is robust, works out-of-the-box without extensive tuning, is modular with respect to the assumed target distribution, and performs competitively in comparison to existing approaches. We demonstrate these claims in simulation and with a case study predicting two-dimensional oceanographic velocity data. An implementation of our method is available at

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09 Jun 2021 15:35
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11 Sep 2023 22:21