Spatial Reasoning About Motorway Traffic Safety with Isabelle/HOL

Linker, Sven (2017) Spatial Reasoning About Motorway Traffic Safety with Isabelle/HOL. In: Integrated Formal Methods : 13th International Conference, IFM 2017, Turin, Italy, September 20-22, 2017, Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science . Springer, Cham, pp. 34-49. ISBN 9783319668444

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Formal verification of autonomous vehicles on motorways is a challenging problem, due to the complex interactions between dynamical behaviours and controller choices of the vehicles. In previous work, we showed how an abstraction of motorway traffic, with an emphasis on spatial properties, can be beneficial. In this paper, we present a semantic embedding of a spatio-temporal multi-modal logic, specifically defined to reason about motorway traffic, into Isabelle/HOL. The semantic model is an abstraction of a motorway, emphasising local spatial properties, and parameterised by the types of sensors deployed in the vehicles. We use the logic to define controller constraints to ensure safety, i.e., the absence of collisions on the motorway. After proving safety with a restrictive definition of sensors, we relax these assumptions and show how to amend the controller constraints to still guarantee safety.

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23 Jun 2021 14:50
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28 Nov 2023 10:39