Outbreak of severe vomiting in dogs associated with a canine enteric coronavirus, United Kingdom

Radford, A.D. and Singleton, D.A. and Jewell, C. and Appleton, C. and Rowlingson, B. and Hale, A.C. and Cuartero, C.T. and Newton, R. and Sánchez-Vizcaíno, F. and Greenberg, D. and Brant, B. and Bentley, E.G. and Stewart, J.P. and Smith, S. and Haldenby, S. and Noble, P.-J.M. and Pinchbeck, G.L. (2021) Outbreak of severe vomiting in dogs associated with a canine enteric coronavirus, United Kingdom. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 27 (2). pp. 517-528. ISSN 1080-6040

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The lack of population health surveillance for companion animal populations leaves them vulnerable to the effects of novel diseases without means of early detection. We present evidence on the effectiveness of a system that enabled early detection and rapid response to a canine gastroenteritis outbreak in the United Kingdom. In January 2020, prolific vomiting among dogs was sporadically reported in the United Kingdom. Electronic health records from a nationwide sentinel network of veterinary practices confirmed a significant increase in dogs with signs of gastroenteric disease. Male dogs and dogs living with other vomiting dogs were more likely to be affected. Diet and vaccination status were not associated with the disease; however, a canine enteric coronavirus was significantly associated with illness. The system we describe potentially fills a gap in surveillance in neglected populations and could provide a blueprint for other countries.

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Journal Article
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Emerging Infectious Diseases
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Deposited On:
04 May 2021 14:15
Last Modified:
13 Oct 2023 10:50