Scenarios for Global Aquaculture and Its Role in Human Nutrition

Gephart, J.A. and Golden, C.D. and Asche, F. and Belton, B. and Brugere, C. and Froehlich, H.E. and Fry, J.P. and Halpern, B.S. and Hicks, C.C. and Jones, R.C. and Klinger, D.H. and Little, D.C. and McCauley, D.J. and Thilsted, S.H. and Troell, M. and Allison, E.H. (2021) Scenarios for Global Aquaculture and Its Role in Human Nutrition. Reviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture, 29 (1). pp. 122-138.

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Global demand for freshwater and marine foods (i.e., seafood) is rising and an increasing proportion is farmed. Aquaculture encompasses a range of species and cultivation methods, resulting in diverse social, economic, nutritional, and environmental outcomes. As a result, how aquaculture develops will influence human wellbeing and environmental health outcomes. Recognition of this has spurred a push for nutrition-sensitive aquaculture, which aims to benefit public health through the production of diverse, nutrient-rich seafood and enabling equitable access. This article explores plausible aquaculture futures and their role in nutrition security using a qualitative scenario approach. Two dimensions of economic development–the degree of globalization and the predominant economic development philosophy–bound four scenarios representing systems that are either localized or globalized, and orientated toward maximizing sectoral economic growth or to meeting environmental and equity dimensions of sustainability. The potential contribution of aquaculture in improving nutrition security is then evaluated within each scenario. While aquaculture could be “nutrition-sensitive” under any of the scenarios, its contribution to addressing health inequities is more likely in the economic and political context of a more globally harmonized trade environment and where economic policies are oriented toward social equity and environmental sustainability.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Reviews in Fisheries Science and Aquaculture
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Deposited On:
22 Apr 2021 13:40
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 01:36