Development and validation of the Motivations to Eat Meat Inventory

Hopwood, Christopher and Piazza, Jared and Chen, Sophia and Bleidorn, Wiebke (2021) Development and validation of the Motivations to Eat Meat Inventory. Appetite, 163. ISSN 0195-6663

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Previous research suggests that there are four primary motives to eat meat: that it is natural, normal, necessary, or nice. However, these motives have not yet been distinguished empirically; the lack of a measurement tool that can distinguish these motives has contributed to a literature that focuses primarily on meat-eating motivation or justification in general, as opposed to differences between these motives. We developed a 19-item measure, the Motivations to Eat Meat Inventory (MEMI), that fit a four-factor model in three samples (total N = 2175), including one with a large number of vegetarians. Using this instrument, we generated psychological profiles associated with each motive, and showed that the structure and correlates of meat-eating motives is highly similar for omnivores and vegetarians. This research provides a valuable tool for studying variation in psychological motives for eating meat among both meat-eaters and vegetarians and provides an initial framework for understanding the underpinnings of these different motivations.

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12 Apr 2021 08:40
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 10:08