Securitization of Artificial Intelligence in China

Zeng, Jinghan (2021) Securitization of Artificial Intelligence in China. Chinese Journal of International Politics, 14 (3). 417–445. ISSN 1750-8924

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Abstract

This article studies the security politics of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in China. Using securitization as an analytical framework, it examines the official Chinese AI discourse and how AI is becoming a security matter. The article argues that the Chinese central government is securitizing AI to mobilize local states, market actors, intellectuals, and the general public. China’s historical anxieties about its technology and regime security needs are conducive to the rise of a security discourse in China’s AI politics, a trend also fuelled by tensions arising from great power competition. Although helpful in convincing domestic actors, this securitization trend could undermine Chinese key AI objectives by heading in an inward-looking, techno-nationalistic direction that may be seriously detrimental to China’s AI industry and leadership ambitions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Chinese Journal of International Politics
Additional Information:
This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in The Chinese Journal of International Politics following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Jinghan Zeng, Securitization of Artificial Intelligence in China, The Chinese Journal of International Politics, 2021, 14:3, 417–445 is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/cjip/article-abstract/14/3/417/6352222?redirectedFrom=fulltext
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3320
Subjects:
ID Code:
153253
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 Mar 2021 10:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 10:07