Electrically Conductive and 3D-Printable Oxidized Alginate-Gelatin Polypyrrole:PSS Hydrogels for Tissue Engineering

Distler, Thomas and Polley, Christian and Shi, Fukun and Schneidereit, Dominik and Ashton, Mark and Kolb, Jürgen and Friedrich, Oliver and Hardy, John and Detsch, Rainer and Seitz, Hermann and Boccaccini, Aldo (2021) Electrically Conductive and 3D-Printable Oxidized Alginate-Gelatin Polypyrrole:PSS Hydrogels for Tissue Engineering. Advanced Healthcare Materials. ISSN 2192-2659

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Abstract

Electroactive hydrogels can be used to influence cell response and maturation by electrical stimulation. However, hydrogel formulations which are 3D printable, electroactive, cytocompatible, and allow cell adhesion, remain a challenge in the design of such stimuli-responsive biomaterials for tissue engineering. Here, a combination of pyrrole with a high gelatin-content oxidized alginate-gelatin (ADA-GEL) hydrogel is reported, offering 3D-printability of hydrogel precursors to prepare cytocompatible and electrically conductive hydrogel scaffolds. By oxidation of pyrrole, electroactive polypyrrole:polystyrenesulfonate (PPy:PSS) is synthesized inside the ADA-GEL matrix. The hydrogels are assessed regarding their electrical/mechanical properties, 3D-printability, and cytocompatibility. It is possible to prepare open-porous scaffolds via bioplotting which are electrically conductive and have a higher cell seeding efficiency in scaffold depth in comparison to flat 2D hydrogels, which is confirmed via multiphoton fluorescence microscopy. The formation of an interpenetrating polypyrrole matrix in the hydrogel matrix increases the conductivity and stiffness of the hydrogels, maintaining the capacity of the gels to promote cell adhesion and proliferation. The results demonstrate that a 3D-printable ADA-GEL can be rendered conductive (ADA-GEL-PPy:PSS), and that such hydrogel formulations have promise for cell therapies, in vitro cell culture, and electrical-stimulation assisted tissue engineering.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Advanced Healthcare Materials
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3000/3003
Subjects:
ID Code:
152738
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Mar 2021 10:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Jun 2021 04:23