The non-sovereign territories:Economic and environmental challenges of sectoral and geographic over-specialisation in tourism and financial services

Armstrong, Harvey and Read, Robert (2021) The non-sovereign territories:Economic and environmental challenges of sectoral and geographic over-specialisation in tourism and financial services. European Urban and Regional Studies, 28 (3). pp. 213-240. ISSN 0969-7764

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Abstract

This paper analyses the economic and geographic characteristics of the world’s principal non-sovereign territories in the context of the growth challenges facing small economies. These territories enjoy high degrees of policy autonomy within a complex array of relationship with their metropolitan countries. The territories’ distinct economic and geographic characteristics, notably small size and remoteness, have led to their adopting similar niche sectoral growth strategies to those of small sovereign states and a reliance upon tourism and financial services. In spite of the growth challenges faced, most of these territories have attained high levels of per capita gross national income (GNI), placing them in the World Bank High Income category. Global heating, economic crises and regional environmental shocks along with growing international protectionist sentiments however, raise critical questions regarding the continued viability of their traditional growth strategies, particularly their heavy reliance upon environmentally-harmful long-haul air travel and cruise tourism. This paper bridges the gap between large-scale growth studies, which generally overlook non-sovereign entities, and single case-studies to examine the determinants of the growth success of non-sovereign territories and their future growth challenges given the pressing need for both economic and environmental sustainability.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
European Urban and Regional Studies
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2301
Subjects:
ID Code:
152144
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
26 Feb 2021 11:06
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Nov 2021 05:58