Controlled Creation and Decay of Singly-Quantized Vortices in a Polar Magnetic Phase

Xiao, Y and Borgh, M. O. and Weiss, L. S. and Blinova, A. and Ruostekoski, Janne and Hall, D. S. (2021) Controlled Creation and Decay of Singly-Quantized Vortices in a Polar Magnetic Phase. Communications Physics, 4. ISSN 2399-3650

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Abstract

Quantized vortices appear in physical systems from superfluids and superconductors to liquid crystals and high energy physics. Unlike their scalar cousins, superfluids with complex internal structure can exhibit rich dynamics of decay and even fractional vorticity. Here, we experimentally and theoretically explore the creation and time evolution of vortex lines in the polar magnetic phase of a trapped spin-1 87Rb Bose– Einstein condensate. A process of phase-imprinting a nonsingular vortex, its decay into a pair of singular spinor vortices, and a rapid exchange of magnetic phases creates a pair of three-dimensional, singular singly-quantized vortex lines with core regions that are filled with atoms in the ferromagnetic phase. Atomic interactions guide the subsequent vortex dynamics, leading to core structures that suggest the decay of the singly-quantized vortices into half-quantum vortices.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Communications Physics
ID Code:
151793
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Feb 2021 12:02
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Jul 2021 06:10