A novel TiO2-SiO2 nanocomposite converts a very friable stone into a self-cleaning building material

Pinho, L. and Elhaddad, F. and Facio, D.S. and Mosquera, M.J. (2013) A novel TiO2-SiO2 nanocomposite converts a very friable stone into a self-cleaning building material. Applied Surface Science, 275. pp. 389-396. ISSN 0169-4332

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A TiO2–SiO2 nanocomposite material was formed inside the pore structure of a very friable carbonate stone by simple spraying of a sol containing silica oligomers, titania particles and a non-ionic surfactant (n-octylamine). The resulting nanomaterial provides an effective adhesive and crack-free surface layer to the stone, and gives it self-cleaning properties. In addition, it efficiently penetrates into the pores of the stone, significantly improving its mechanical resistance, and is thus capable of converting an extremely friable stone into a building material with self-cleaning properties. Another important advantage of the nanocomposite is that it substantially improves protection against salt crystallization degradation mechanisms. In the trial described, the untreated stone is reduced to a completely powdered material after 3 cycles of NaSO4 crystallization degradation, whereas stone treated with this novel product remains practically unaltered after 30 cycles. For comparison purposes, two commercial products (with consolidant and photocatalytic properties) were also tested, and both alternative materials produced coatings that crack and provide less mechanical resistance to the stone than this product. These results also confirm the valuable role played by n-octylamine in reducing the capillary pressure responsible for consolidant cracking, and in promoting silica polymerization inside the pores of the non-reactive pure carbonate stone.

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Journal Article
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Applied Surface Science
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17 Feb 2021 12:02
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 09:57