Spaceflight Affects Neuronal Morphology and Alters Transcellular Degradation of Neuronal Debris in Adult Caenorhabditis elegans

Laranjeiro, Ricardo and Harinath, Girish and Pollard, Amelia K. and Gaffney, Christopher and Deane, Colleen and Vanapalli, Siva and Etheridge, Timothy and Szewczyk, Nathaniel J and Driscoll, Monica (2021) Spaceflight Affects Neuronal Morphology and Alters Transcellular Degradation of Neuronal Debris in Adult Caenorhabditis elegans. iScience, 24 (2). ISSN 2589-0042

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Abstract

and private companies. However, spaceflight poses risks to human health and the effects on the nervous system have to be better characterized. Here, we exploited the unique experimental advantages of the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans to explore how spaceflight affects adult neurons in vivo. We found that animals that lived 5 days of adulthood on the International Space Station exhibited hyperbranching in PVD and touch receptor neurons. We also found that, in the presence of a neuronal proteotoxic stress, spaceflight promotes a remarkable accumulation of neuronal-derived waste in the surrounding tissues, suggesting an impaired transcellular degradation of debris released from neurons. Our data reveal that spaceflight can significantly affect adult neuronal morphology and clearance of neuronal trash, highlighting the need to carefully assess the risks of long-duration spaceflight on the nervous system and to develop adequate countermeasures for safe space exploration.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
iScience
ID Code:
151248
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Feb 2021 10:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
27 Jul 2021 06:08