T2K measurements of muon neutrino and antineutrino disappearance using $3.13\times 10^{21}$ protons on target

, T2K Collaboration and Dealtry, T. and Doyle, T. A. and Finch, A. J. and Kormos, L. L. and Nowak, J. and O'Keeffe, H. M. and Ratoff, P. N. and Walsh, J. G. (2021) T2K measurements of muon neutrino and antineutrino disappearance using $3.13\times 10^{21}$ protons on target. Physical Review D, 103 (1). ISSN 1550-7998

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Abstract

We report measurements by the T2K experiment of the parameters $\theta_23$ and $\Delta m^2_{32}$ which govern the disappearance of muon neutrinos and antineutrinos in the three-flavor PMNSneutrino oscillation model at T2K's neutrino energy and propagation distance. Utilizing the ability of the experiment to run with either a mainly neutrino or a mainly antineutrino beam, muon-like events from each beam mode are used to measure these parameters separately for neutrino and antineutrino oscillations. Data taken from $1.49\times 10^{21}$ protons on target (POT) in neutrino mode and $1.64\times 10^21$ POT in antineutrino mode are used. Assuming the normal neutrino mass ordering the best-fit values obtained by T2K were $\sin^2\theta_{23}=0.51^{+0.06}_{-0.07}$ $(0.43^{+0.21}_{-0.05})$ and $\Delta m^2_{32}=2.47^{+0.08}_{-0.09} (2.50^{+0.18}_{-0.13})$ $eV^2/c^4$. for neutrinos (antineutrinos). No significant differences between the values of the parameters describing the disappearance of muon neutrinos and antineutrinos were observed. An analysis using an effective two-flavour neutrino oscillation model where the sine of the mixing angle is allowed to take non-physical values larger than 1 is also performed to check the consistency of our data with the three-flavor model. Our data were found to be consistent with a physical value for the mixing angle.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Physical Review D
Subjects:
ID Code:
151192
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
29 Jan 2021 20:46
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
04 Mar 2021 10:08