A comparative study on microstructure and properties of traditional laser cladding and high-speed laser cladding of Ni45 alloy coatings

Yuan, Wuyan and Li, Ruifeng and Chen, Zhaohui and Gu, Jiayang and Tian, Yingtao (2021) A comparative study on microstructure and properties of traditional laser cladding and high-speed laser cladding of Ni45 alloy coatings. Surface and Coatings Technology, 405. ISSN 0257-8972

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Abstract

High-speed laser cladding technology can significantly improve the efficiency of coating preparation and effectively widen the application range of laser cladding. In this study, the Ni45 powders were deposited on steel substrate by traditional low speed laser cladding and high-speed laser cladding process, respectively. The cladding efficiency, surface forming, cross-sectional microstructure, microhardness, wear and corrosion resistance properties of the traditional and high-speed laser cladded Ni45 alloy coatings were compared. It can be seen that the thickness of the high-speed laser cladding coating was much thinner than that of the traditional laser cladding coating. Compared with traditional laser cladding, high-speed laser cladding could achieve a cladding speed of 76.86 m/min and a cladding efficiency of 156.79 cm2/min. The microstructure of the two kinds of coatings shows the same growth law, but the microstructure in high-speed laser cladding was smaller and denser, and the columnar crystal interval was narrower, only about 6 μm. It is found that the cooling rate of the traditional laser cladding coating was smaller than that of the high-speed laser cladding, and as the cladding speed increased, the cooling rate became higher and higher. The cross-section microhardness of the traditional laser cladding coating was relatively uniform of 337 HV0.2, while the microhardness of high-speed laser cladding surface increased to about 543 HV0.2. In addition, the wear and corrosion resistance of high-speed laser cladded coatings were better than that of traditional laser cladded coatings. As the cladding speed increased, the wear and corrosion resistance of the cladded coatings became better.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Surface and Coatings Technology
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Surface and Coatings Technology. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Surface and Coatings Technology, 405, 2021 DOI: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2020.126582
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3100/3104
Subjects:
ID Code:
150964
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Jan 2021 11:18
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
03 Mar 2021 12:05