Mitochondrial DNA profiling reveals two lineages of sun bears in East and West Malaysia

Lai, Wai-Ling and Chew, Jactty and Gatherer, Derek and Ngoprasert, Dusit and Rahman, Sadequr and Ayub, Qasim and Kannan, Adrian and Vaughan, Eleanor and Wong, Siew Te and Kulaimi, Noor Azleen Mohd and Ratnayeke, Shyamala (2021) Mitochondrial DNA profiling reveals two lineages of sun bears in East and West Malaysia. The Journal of heredity, 112 (2). 214–220. ISSN 0022-1503

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Sun bear populations are fragmented and at risk from habitat loss and exploitation for body parts. These threats are made worse by significant gaps in knowledge of sun bear population genetic diversity, population connectivity, and taxonomically significant management units. Using a complete sun bear mitochondrial genome, we developed a set of mitochondrial markers to assess haplotype variation and the evolutionary history of sun bears from Peninsular (West) Malaysia, and Sabah (East Malaysia). Genetic samples from 28 sun bears from Peninsular Malaysia, 36 from Sabah, and 18 from Thailand were amplified with primers targeting a 1,800 bp region of the mitochondrial genome including the complete mitochondrial control region and adjacent genes. Sequences were analyzed using phylogenetic methods. We identified 51 mitochondrial haplotypes among 82 sun bears. Phylogenetic and network analyses provided strong support for a deep split between Malaysian sun bears and sun bears in East Thailand and Yunnan province in China. The Malaysian lineage was further subdivided into two clades: Peninsular Malaysian and Malaysian Borneo (Sabah). Sun bears from Thailand occurred in both Sabah and Peninsular Malaysian clades. Our study supports recent findings that sun bears from Sundaland form a distinct clade from those in China and Indochina with Thailand possessing lineages from the three clades. Importantly we demonstrate a more recent and clear genetic delineation between sun bears from the Malay Peninsula and Sabah indicating historical barriers to gene flow within the Sundaic region.

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Journal Article
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The Journal of heredity
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This is a pre-copy-editing, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication inThe Journal of Heredity following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version Wai-Ling Lai, Jactty Chew, Derek Gatherer, Dusit Ngoprasert, Sadequr Rahman, Qasim Ayub, Adrian Kannan, Eleanor Vaughan, Siew Te Wong, Noor Azleen Mohd Kulaimi, Shyamala Ratnayeke, Mitochondrial DNA profiling reveals two lineages of sun bears in East and West Malaysia, Journal of Heredity, , esab004, is available online at: add url
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? sunbearhelarctos malayanusphylogeneticsursidaemitochondriaphylogeographyphylodynamicsgeneticsmolecular biologygenetics(clinical)biotechnology ??
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18 Jan 2021 12:15
Last Modified:
17 Feb 2024 01:02