Cystic fibrosis point of personalized detection (CFPOPD):An interactive web application

Wolfe, C. and Pestian, T. and Gecili, E. and Su, W. and Keogh, R.H. and Pestian, J.P. and Seid, M. and Diggle, P.J. and Ziady, A. and Clancy, J.P. and Grossoehme, D.H. and Szczesniak, R.D. and Brokamp, C. (2020) Cystic fibrosis point of personalized detection (CFPOPD):An interactive web application. JMIR Medical Informatics, 8 (12). ISSN 2291-9694

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Abstract

Background: Despite steady gains in life expectancy, individuals with cystic fibrosis (CF) lung disease still experience rapid pulmonary decline throughout their clinical course, which can ultimately end in respiratory failure. Point-of-care tools for accurate and timely information regarding the risk of rapid decline is essential for clinical decision support. Objective: This study aims to translate a novel algorithm for earlier, more accurate prediction of rapid lung function decline in patients with CF into an interactive web-based application that can be integrated within electronic health record systems, via collaborative development with clinicians. Methods: Longitudinal clinical history, lung function measurements, and time-invariant characteristics were obtained for 30,879 patients with CF who were followed in the US Cystic Fibrosis Foundation Patient Registry (2003-2015). We iteratively developed the application using the R Shiny framework and by conducting a qualitative study with care provider focus groups (N=17). Results: A clinical conceptual model and 4 themes were identified through coded feedback from application users: (1) ambiguity in rapid decline, (2) clinical utility, (3) clinical significance, and (4) specific suggested revisions. These themes were used to revise our application to the currently released version, available online for exploration. This study has advanced the application's potential prognostic utility for monitoring individuals with CF lung disease. Further application development will incorporate additional clinical characteristics requested by the users and also a more modular layout that can be useful for care provider and family interactions. Conclusions: Our framework for creating an interactive and visual analytics platform enables generalized development of applications to synthesize, model, and translate electronic health data, thereby enhancing clinical decision support and improving care and health outcomes for chronic diseases and disorders. A prospective implementation study is necessary to evaluate this tool's effectiveness regarding increased communication, enhanced shared decision-making, and improved clinical outcomes for patients with CF.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
JMIR Medical Informatics
Subjects:
ID Code:
150710
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Jan 2021 14:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
06 Apr 2021 06:57