Contactless probing of graphene charge density variation in a controlled humidity environment

Brown, K. and Vincent, T. and Castanon, E.G. and Rus, F.S. and Melios, C. and Kazakova, O. and Giusca, C.E. (2020) Contactless probing of graphene charge density variation in a controlled humidity environment. Carbon, 163. pp. 408-416. ISSN 0008-6223

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Abstract

The electronic properties of graphene are highly sensitive to atoms and molecules adsorbed on its surface and to changes in its environment, such as temperature and humidity. In this paper, we examine the effect of humidity on the local carrier concentration of different types of graphene prepared by mechanical exfoliation, chemical vapour deposition and epitaxial growth on SiC, using in-situ Raman spectroscopy. We present a systematic and comparative study of the changes in Raman response using a vector analysis method to produce spatial maps of doping variation as a function of humidity. We also quantify the humidity induced carrier concentration change for different types of graphene. This study illustrates the effects of humidity on the electronic properties of graphene and provides a simple, contactless and quantitative method to directly evaluate water-induced doping effects in graphene, that are crucial for tailored device performance.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Carbon
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1600
Subjects:
ID Code:
150005
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
15 Dec 2020 16:50
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
08 Jun 2021 06:45