Machine learning approach to single nucleotide polymorphism-based asthma prediction

Gaudillo, Joverlyn and Rodriguez, Jae Joseph Russell and Nazareno, Allen and Baltazar, Lei Rigi and Vilela, Julianne and Bulalacao, Rommel and Domingo, Mario and Albia, Jason (2019) Machine learning approach to single nucleotide polymorphism-based asthma prediction. PLoS ONE, 14 (12). ISSN 1932-6203

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Machine learning (ML) is poised as a transformational approach uniquely positioned to discover the hidden biological interactions for better prediction and diagnosis of complex diseases. In this work, we integrated ML-based models for feature selection and classification to quantify the risk of individual susceptibility to asthma using single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP). Random forest (RF) and recursive feature elimination (RFE) algorithm were implemented to identify the SNPs with high implication to asthma. K-nearest neighbor (kNN) and support vector machine (SVM) algorithms were trained to classify the identified SNPs whether associated with non-asthmatic or asthmatic samples. Feature selection step showed that RF outperformed RFE and the feature importance score derived from RF was consistently high for a subset of SNPs, indicating the robustness of RF in selecting relevant features associated with asthma. Model comparison showed that the integration of RF-SVM obtained the highest model performance with an accuracy, precision, and sensitivity of 62.5%, 65.3%, and 69%, respectively, when compared to the baseline, RF-kNN, and an external MeanDiff-kNN models. Furthermore, results show that the occurrence of asthma can be predicted with an Area under the Curve (AUC) of 0.62 and 0.64 for RF-SVM and RF-kNN models, respectively. This study demonstrates the integration of ML models to augment traditional methods in predicting genetic predisposition to multifactorial diseases such as asthma.

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05 Nov 2020 17:05
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 09:37