Ionospheric Response at Conjugate Locations During the 7–8 September 2017 Geomagnetic Storm Over the Europe-African Longitude Sector

Habarulema, J.B. and Katamzi-Joseph, Z.T. and Burešová, D. and Nndanganeni, R. and Matamba, T. and Tshisaphungo, M. and Buchert, S. and Kosch, M. and Lotz, S. and Cilliers, P. and Mahrous, A. (2020) Ionospheric Response at Conjugate Locations During the 7–8 September 2017 Geomagnetic Storm Over the Europe-African Longitude Sector. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125 (10). ISSN 2169-9402

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Abstract

This paper focuses on unique aspects of the ionospheric response at conjugate locations over Europe and South Africa during the 7–8 September 2017 geomagnetic storm including the role of the bottomside and topside ionosphere and plasmasphere in influencing electron density changes. Analysis of total electron content (TEC) on 7 September 2017 shows that for a pair of geomagnetically conjugate locations, positive storm effect was observed reaching about 65% when benchmarked on the monthly median TEC variability in the Northern Hemisphere, while the Southern Hemisphere remained within the quiet time variability threshold of ±40%. Over the investigated locations, the Southern Hemisphere midlatitudes showed positive TEC deviations that were in most cases twice the comparative response level in the Northern Hemisphere on the 8 September 2017. During the storm main phase on 8 September 2017, we have obtained an interesting result of ionosonde maximum electron density of the F2 layer and TEC derived from Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) observations showing different ionospheric responses over the same midlatitude location in the Northern Hemisphere. In situ electron density measurements from SWARM satellite aided by bottomside ionosonde-derived TEC up to the maximum height of the F2 layer (hmF2) revealed that the bottomside and topside ionosphere as well as plasmasphere electron content contributions to overall GNSS-derived TEC were different in both hemispheres especially for 8 September 2017 during the storm main phase. The differences in hemispheric response at conjugate locations and on a regional scale have been explained in terms of seasonal influence on the background electron density coupled with the presence of large-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances and low-latitude-associated processes. The major highlight of this study is the simultaneous confirmation of most of the previously observed features and their underlying physical mechanisms during geomagnetic storms through a multi–data set examination of hemispheric differences. © 2020. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Additional Information:
An edited version of this paper was published by AGU. Copyright 2020 American Geophysical Union. Habarulema, J. B., Katamzi‐Joseph, Z. T., Burešová, D., Nndanganeni, R., Matamba, T., Tshisaphungo, M., et al. (2020). Ionospheric response at conjugate locations during the 7–8 September 2017 geomagnetic storm over the Europe‐African longitude sector. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125., e2020JA028307. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JA028307 To view the published open abstract, go to http://dx.doi.org and enter the DOI.
ID Code:
148789
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Nov 2020 13:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
29 Nov 2020 07:06