Mass distribution of magnetized quark-nugget dark matter and comparison with requirements and observations

VanDevender, J.P. and Shoemaker, I.M. and Sloan, T. and VanDevender, A.P. and Ulmen, B.A. (2020) Mass distribution of magnetized quark-nugget dark matter and comparison with requirements and observations. Scientific Reports, 10 (1). ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Quark nuggets are a candidate for dark matter consistent with the Standard Model. Previous models of quark nuggets have investigated properties arising from their being composed of strange, up, and down quarks and have not included any effects caused by their self-magnetic field. However, Tatsumi found that the core of a magnetar star may be a quark nugget in a ferromagnetic state with core magnetic field Bsurface = 1012±1 T. We apply Tatsumi’s result to quark-nugget dark-matter and report results on aggregation of magnetized quark nuggets (MQNs) after formation from the quark-gluon plasma until expansion of the universe freezes out the mass distribution to ~ 10−24 kg to ~ 1014 kg. Aggregation overcomes weak-interaction decay. Computed mass distributions show MQNs are consistent with requirements for dark matter and indicate that geologic detectors (craters in peat bogs) and space-based detectors (satellites measuring radio-frequency emissions after passage through normal matter) should be able to detect MQN dark matter. Null and positive observations narrow the range of a key parameter Bo ~ Bsurface to 1 × 1011 T < Bo ≤ 3 × 1012 T.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Scientific Reports
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1000
Subjects:
ID Code:
148784
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
05 Nov 2020 11:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
10 Nov 2020 09:07