Are children with autism more likely to retain object names when learning from colour photographs or black-and-white cartoons?

Carter, Cheriece and Hartley, Calum (2020) Are children with autism more likely to retain object names when learning from colour photographs or black-and-white cartoons? Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders. ISSN 0162-3257

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Abstract

For the first time, this study investigated whether children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and typically developing (TD) children matched on language comprehension (M age equivalent =  ~ 44 months) are more likely to retain words when learning from colour photographs than black-and-white cartoons. Participants used mutual exclusivity to fast map novel word-picture relationships and retention was assessed following a 5-min delay. Children with ASD achieved significantly greater retention accuracy when learning from photographs rather than cartoons and, surprisingly, responded more accurately than TD children when learning from photographs. Our results demonstrate that children with ASD benefit from greater iconicity when learning words from pictures, providing a data-grounded rationale for using colour photographs when administering picture-based interventions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Additional Information:
The final publication is available at Springer via https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10803-020-04771-2
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3204
Subjects:
ID Code:
148434
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Oct 2020 16:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jun 2021 08:37