Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour

Emerson, Eric and Llewellyn, G (2021) Youth with Disabilities are More Likely than their Peers to Engage in Hazardous Child Labour. Child: Care, Health and Development, 47 (1). pp. 119-127. ISSN 0305-1862

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Abstract

BackgroundLittle is known about the extent to which children and adolescents with disabilities are exposed to child labour.ObjectiveTo estimate prevalence rates and adjusted rate ratios of exposure to child labour among children and adolescents with/without disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries and to determine whether these rates vary between functional limitations associated with disability.Participants and SettingNationally representative samples involving 142,499 children aged 5–14 from 15 countries.MethodsSecondary analysis of data collected in UNICEF's Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys.ResultsOverall children and youth with disability were not at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to child labour when demographic and contextual factors were taken into account. However, children and youth with disability were at significantly greater risk of exposure than children without disability to hazardous child labour (adjusted relative risk [ARR] = 1.15 [1.10–1.21], P < 0.001). Specifically, children and youth with impairments related to poorer mental health or cognitive functioning were at significantly greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour (e.g., ARR for learning impairment = 1.27 [1.14–1.42], P < 0.001). In contrast, children with impairments related to sensory functioning, mobility and expressive communication were at no greater risk of exposure than children with no disability.ConclusionsChildren and youth with disability are at greater risk of exposure to hazardous child labour than children with no disability in middle‐ and low‐income countries. Responses to eradicate hazardous child labour need to take account of the situation of children and youth with disability.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Child: Care, Health and Development
Additional Information:
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Emerson, E, Llewellyn, G. Youth with disabilities are more likely than their peers to engage in hazardous child labour. Child Care Health Dev. 2021; 47: 119– 127. doi: 10.1111/cch.12820 which has been published in final form at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/cch.12820 This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance With Wiley Terms and Conditions for self-archiving.
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3204
Subjects:
ID Code:
148396
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Oct 2020 08:32
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
16 Jun 2021 08:37