Choi, Yemon
(2021)
*A short proof that B(L_1) is not amenable.*
Proceedings of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Section A Mathematics, 151 (6).
pp. 1758-1767.
ISSN 0308-2105

2009.04028v3.pdf - Accepted Version

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## Abstract

Non-amenability of ${\mathcal B}(E)$ has been surprisingly difficult to prove for the classical Banach spaces, but is now known for $E= \ell_p$ and $E=L_p$ for all $1\leq p<\infty$. However, the arguments are rather indirect: the proof for $L_1$ goes via non-amenability of $\ell^\infty({\mathcal K}(\ell_1))$ and a transference principle developed by Daws and Runde (Studia Math., 2010). In this note, we provide a short proof that ${\mathcal B}(L_1)$ and some of its subalgebras are non-amenable, which completely bypasses all of this machinery. Our approach is based on classical properties of the ideal of representable operators on $L_1$, and shows that ${\mathcal B}(L_1)$ is not even approximately amenable.