Potential reverse spillover of infectious bursal disease virus at the interface of commercial poultry and wild birds

Naggar, R.F.E. and Rohaim, M.A. and Munir, M. (2020) Potential reverse spillover of infectious bursal disease virus at the interface of commercial poultry and wild birds. Virus Genes. ISSN 0920-8569

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Abstract

Recently, multiple spillover events between domesticated poultry and wild birds have been reported for several avian viruses. This phenomenon highlights the importance of the livestock-wildlife interface in the possible emergence of novel viruses. The aim of the current study was to investigate the potential spillover and epidemiological links of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) between wild birds and domestic poultry. To this end, twenty-eight cloacal swabs were collected from four species of free-living Egyptian wild birds (i.e. mallard duck, bean goose, white-fronted goose and black-billed magpie). Genetic and phylogenetic analysis of three positive isolates revealed that the IBDV/USC-1/2019 strain clustered with previously reported very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV) Egyptian isolates. Interestingly, two other wild bird-origin isolates (i.e. IBDV/USC-2/2019 and IBDV/USC-3/2019) grouped with a vaccine strain that is being used in commercial poultry. In conclusion, our results revealed the molecular detection of vaccine and vvIBDV-like strains in Egyptian wild birds and highlighted the potential role of wild birds in IBDV epidemiology in disease-endemic regions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Virus Genes
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1300/1312
Subjects:
ID Code:
148067
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
09 Oct 2020 14:05
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
23 Oct 2020 06:50