Nanoscale Real-Time Detection of Quantum Vortices at Millikelvin Temperatures

Guthrie, A. and Kafanov, S. and Noble, M. T. and Pashkin, Yu A. and Pickett, G. R. and Tsepelin, V. and Dorofeev, A. A. and Krupenin, V. A. and Presnov, D. E. (2020) Nanoscale Real-Time Detection of Quantum Vortices at Millikelvin Temperatures. arxiv.org.

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Abstract

Since we still lack a theory of classical turbulence, attention has focused on the conceptually simpler turbulence in quantum fluids. Can such systems of identical singly-quantized vortices provide a physically accessible "toy model" of the classical counterpart? That said, we have hitherto lacked detectors capable of the real-time, non-invasive probing of the wide range of length scales involved in quantum turbulence. However, we demonstrate here the real-time detection of quantum vortices by a nanoscale resonant beam in superfluid $^4$He at 10 mK. The basic idea is that we can trap a single vortex along the length of a nanobeam and observe the transitions as a vortex is either trapped or released, which we observe through the shift in the resonant frequency of the beam. With a tuning fork source, we can control the ambient vorticity density and follow its influence on the vortex capture and release rates. But, most important, we show that these devices are capable of probing turbulence on the micron scale.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
arxiv.org
Subjects:
ID Code:
148043
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
08 Oct 2020 09:17
Refereed?:
No
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Oct 2020 07:24