Effect of beam defocusing on porosity formation in laser-MIG hybrid welded TA2 titanium alloy joints

Chen, S. and Luo, S. and Yu, H. and Geng, H. and Xu, G. and Li, R. and Tian, Y. (2020) Effect of beam defocusing on porosity formation in laser-MIG hybrid welded TA2 titanium alloy joints. Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 58. pp. 1221-1231. ISSN 1526-6125

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The influence of defocusing distance on porosity formation during laser-MIG hybrid welding of TA2 titanium alloy joints was studied by both experimental and numerical methods. The experimental results showed that the population of porosities decreased in the welded joint when the defocusing distance increased from +6 mm to +12 mm, while other welding parameters remained unchanged. A volume of fluid (VOF) model was built in FLUENT by coupling the laser induced keyhole, MIG droplet and melt pool. The simulation results suggested the formation of porosities can be attributed to the collapse of the keyhole that can trap the open space at its bottom, thanks to the vigorous laser-material interaction. When the defocusing distance increases, the laser energy density drops and the keyhole becomes shallower leading to a weaker liquid metal vortex flow. In this case, the open space at the bottom of the keyhole could be backfilled with the surrounding liquid metal when the keyhole collapse, resulting in less porosity in the solidified weld.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Manufacturing Processes
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Journal of Manufacturing Processes. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Journal of Manufacturing Processes, 58, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.jmapro.2020.09.026
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Deposited On:
02 Oct 2020 13:40
Last Modified:
22 Nov 2022 09:31