Learning vocabulary and grammar from cross-situational statistics

Rebuschat, Patrick and Monaghan, Padraic and Schoetensack, Christine (2020) Learning vocabulary and grammar from cross-situational statistics. Cognition. ISSN 0010-0277 (In Press)

[img]
Text (rebuschat_monaghan_schoetensack ACCEPTED Sept 2020)
rebuschat_monaghan_schoetensack_ACCEPTED_Sept_2020.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 1 January 2050.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Across multiple situations, child and adult learners are sensitive to co-occurrences between individual words and their referents in the environment, which provide a means by which the ambiguity of word-world mappings may be resolved (Monaghan & Mattock, 2012; Scott & Fisher, 2012; Smith & Yu, 2008; Yu & Smith, 2007). In three studies, we tested whether cross-situational learning is sufficiently powerful to support simultaneous learning the referents for words from multiple grammatical categories, a more realistic reflection of more complex natural language learning situations. In Experiment 1, adult learners heard sentences comprising nouns, verbs, adjectives, and grammatical markers indicating subject and object roles, and viewed a dynamic scene to which the sentence referred. In Experiments 2 and 3, we further increased the uncertainty of the referents by presenting two scenes alongside each sentence. In all studies, we found that cross-situational statistical learning was sufficiently powerful to facilitate acquisition of both vocabulary and grammar from complex sentence-to-scene correspondences, simulating the situations that more closely resemble the challenge facing the language learner.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Cognition
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1200/1203
Subjects:
ID Code:
147614
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 Sep 2020 10:15
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
07 Oct 2020 11:00