From Retranslation to Back-Translation: A Bermanian Reading of The Monk by Matthew Gregory Lewis, Antonin Artaud, and John Phillips

Lane, Veronique (2020) From Retranslation to Back-Translation: A Bermanian Reading of The Monk by Matthew Gregory Lewis, Antonin Artaud, and John Phillips. Translation and Literature, 29 (3). ISSN 0968-1361 (In Press)

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Abstract

In his work on retranslation, Antoine Berman is probably the theorist who came closest to reflecting on back-translation. This article offers translations and interpretations of two of his premises in ‘La retraduction comme espace de traduction’: that all translations are impaired by forces of non-translation and that this phenomenon is attenuated by retranslation. It is partly to investigate these hypotheses that Berman developed the concept of ‘défaillance’. The article retraces the evolution of Berman’s notion in his œuvre, before demonstrating how the study of ‘défaillances’ across translative layers can be enlightening, by analysing three scenes in Matthew Gregory Lewis’ gothic novel The Monk (1796), Antonin Artaud’s French translation (1931), and John Phillips’ back-translation (2003). It argues that the study of back-translations is valuable retrospectively insofar as it magnifies elements which were underdeveloped in source-texts and that, in so doing, it has the potential to transform our understanding of the larger trajectory of literary works.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Translation and Literature
Additional Information:
'This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Edinburgh University Press in Translation and Literature. The Version of Record is available online at: http://www.euppublishing.com/doi/abs/[Article DOI].'
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1200/1203
Subjects:
ID Code:
147557
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Sep 2020 12:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
24 Oct 2020 07:07