Should we patent it or keep it a secret?:The moderating role of proactive orientation in family versus non-family smes

Giménez-Fernández, Elena and Beukel, Karin and Tyler, Beverly and Spielmann, Nathalie and Cerrato, Daniele and Discua Cruz, Allan and Minciullo, Marco (2020) Should we patent it or keep it a secret?:The moderating role of proactive orientation in family versus non-family smes. International Small Business Journal. ISSN 0266-2426 (In Press)

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Abstract

We investigate how family and non-family small-and-medium size enterprises (SMEs) differ in their preference for patenting over secrecy as a means to protect value of intellectual property, and how proactive orientation moderates this relationship. Because secrecy carries more risks for spillover than patenting, we propose and provide evidence to suggest that family SMEs are more likely to use patents than secrecy relative to non-family SMEs as a mechanism to protect value. However, proactive orientation can weaken this relationship, since SMEs with a proactive orientation will avoid the disclosure of information required for patenting. Using a sample of 300 SMEs from four countries in the wine industry, we find support for our hypotheses and contribute to both the intellectual property (IP) and SME literatures by explaining how family SMEs relative to non-family SMEs protect the value of IP.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
International Small Business Journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1400/1403
Subjects:
ID Code:
147552
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
22 Sep 2020 08:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
In Press
Last Modified:
25 Oct 2020 07:23