Social determinants of adaptive and transformative responses to climate change

Barnes, M.L. and Wang, P. and Cinner, J.E. and Graham, N.A.J. and Guerrero, A.M. and Jasny, L. and Lau, J. and Sutcliffe, S.R. and Zamborain-Mason, J. (2020) Social determinants of adaptive and transformative responses to climate change. Nature Climate Change, 10. pp. 823-828. ISSN 1758-678X

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Abstract

To cope effectively with the impacts of climate change, people will need to change existing practices or behaviours within existing social–ecological systems (adaptation) or enact more fundamental changes that can alter dominant social–ecological relationships and create new systems or futures (transformation). Here we use multilevel network modelling to examine how different domains of adaptive capacity—assets, flexibility, organization, learning, socio-cognitive constructs and agency—are related to adaptive and transformative actions. We find evidence consistent with an influence process in which aspects of social organization (exposure to others in social networks) encourage both adaptive and transformative actions among Papua New Guinean islanders experiencing climate change impacts. Adaptive and transformative actions are also related to social–ecological network structures between people and ecological resources that enable learning and the internalization of ecological feedbacks. Agency is also key, yet we show that while perceived power may encourage adaptations, it may discourage more transformative actions.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nature Climate Change
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3300/3301
Subjects:
ID Code:
147481
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Sep 2020 10:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Oct 2020 07:18