Convection in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere System:a Multi-Mission Survey of its Response to IMF By Reversals

Case, Nathan and Grocott, Adrian and Fear, R.C. and Haaland, Stein and Lane, James (2020) Convection in the Magnetosphere-Ionosphere System:a Multi-Mission Survey of its Response to IMF By Reversals. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 125 (10). ISSN 2169-9402

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Abstract

Past studies have demonstrated that the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) By component introduces asymmetries in the magnetosphere‐ionosphere (M‐I) system, though the exact timings involved are still unclear with two distinct mechanisms proposed. In this study, we statistically analyze convective flows from three regions of the M‐I system: the magnetospheric lobes, the plasma sheet, and the ionosphere. We perform superposed epoch analyses on the convective flows in response to reversals in the IMF By  orientation, to determine the flow response timescales of these regions. We find that the lobes respond quickly and reconfigure to the new IMF By  state within 30–40 min. The plasma sheet flows, however, do not show a clear response to the IMF By  reversal, at least within 4 hr postreversal. The ionospheric data, measured by the Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN), match their counterpart magnetospheric flows, with clear and prompt responses at ≥75° magnetic latitude (MLAT) but a less pronounced response at 60–70 MLAT. We discuss the potential implication of these results on the mechanisms for introducing the IMF By  component into the M‐I system.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics
Subjects:
ID Code:
147438
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
23 Sep 2020 11:25
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Oct 2020 06:46