Novel Bacterial Clade Reveals Origin of Form I Rubisco

Banda, Douglas M and Pereira, Jose H and Liu, Albert K and Orr, Douglas and Hammel, Michal and He, Christine and Parry, Martin and Carmo-Silva, Elizabete and Adams, Paul D and Banfield, Jillian F and Shih, Patrick M (2020) Novel Bacterial Clade Reveals Origin of Form I Rubisco. Nature Plants, 6. 1158–1166. ISSN 2055-026X

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Abstract

Rubisco sustains the biosphere through the fixation of CO2 into biomass. In plants and cyanobacteria, Form I Rubisco is structurally comprised of large and small subunits, whereas all other Rubisco Forms lack small subunits. Thus, the rise of the Form I complex through the innovation of small subunits represents a key, yet poorly understood, transition in Rubisco’s evolution. Through metagenomic analyses, we discovered a previously uncharacterized clade sister to Form I Rubisco that evolved without small subunits. This clade diverged prior to the evolution of cyanobacteria and the origin of the small subunit; thus, it provides a unique reference point to advance our understanding of Form I Rubisco evolution. Structural and kinetic data presented here reveal how a proto-Form I Rubisco assembled and functioned without the structural stability imparted from small subunits. Our findings provide insight into a key evolutionary transition of the most abundant enzyme on Earth and the predominant entry point for nearly all global organic carbon.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nature Plants
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1100/1110
Subjects:
ID Code:
146948
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
01 Sep 2020 09:27
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
28 Sep 2020 01:50