Effectiveness of a single lead AliveCor electrocardiogram application for the screening of atrial fibrillation:A systematic review

Hall, Angela and Mitchell, Andrew Robert John and Wood (Ashmore), Lisa and Holland, Carol (2020) Effectiveness of a single lead AliveCor electrocardiogram application for the screening of atrial fibrillation:A systematic review. Medicine, 99 (30). ISSN 1536-5964

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Increasing prevalence of atrial fibrillation has a significant impact on health, society, and healthcare resource utilization, due to increased morbidity, mortality, risk of stroke, and reduction in quality of life. Early diagnosis allows for treatment initiation, a reduction in complications and associated costs, and so innovation to improve screening and enable easy access are needed Developments in digital technology have significantly contributed to the availability of screening tools. The single-lead electrocardiogram AliveCor (Mountainview, CA) device offers the opportunity to provide heart rhythm screening and has been used extensively in clinical practice and research studies. METHODS: This review investigates the feasibility, validity, and utility of the AliveCor device as a tool for atrial fibrillation detection in clinical practice and in wider research. Databases searched included PUBMED, CINAHL, MEDLINE, and World of Science, plus grey literature search. Search terms related to atrial fibrillation, screening, and AliveCor with adults >18 years. Feasibility metrics were applied including process, resource, management, and scientific outcomes. Studies not written in the English language were excluded. Validity of AliveCor was explored by extracting sensitivity and specificity data from eligible studies and overall effectiveness analyzed by incorporating the above, with wider issues surrounding screening approaches, cost effectiveness and appropriateness of AliveCor as a screening tool. RESULTS: The AliveCor device screening was reviewed in 11 studies matching inclusion criteria. Atrial fibrillation detection rates ranged from 0.8% to 36% and this largely correlated to the study population, where wider age inclusion and mass/population screening represented lower atrial fibrillation detection. Recruitment from higher-risk groups (older age, targeted localities, chronic disease) identified higher numbers with atrial fibrillation. Feasibility metrics demonstrated AliveCor as an effective tool of choice in terms of process, resources, and management. Duration of screening time had an impact on rates of atrial fibrillation detection. There was however significant heterogeneity between studies reviewed. CONCLUSION: The AliveCor device offers a convenient, valid, and feasible means of monitoring for atrial fibrillation. Further analysis of electrocardiograms produced by AliveCor may be necessary in some circumstances. The AliveCor electrocardiogram device can be successfully implemented into both opportunistic and systematic screening strategies for atrial fibrillation.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Medicine
Subjects:
ID Code:
146793
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
25 Aug 2020 12:55
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
25 Sep 2020 05:01