Trace elements adsorption by natural and chemically modified humic acids

Perelomov, Leonid and Sarkar, Binoy and Pinsky, David and Atroshchenko, Yury and Perelomova, Irina and Mukhtorov, Loik and Mazur, Anton (2021) Trace elements adsorption by natural and chemically modified humic acids. Environmental Geochemistry and Health, 43. pp. 127-138. ISSN 0269-4042

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Humic substances with or without chemical modification can serve as environmentally benign and inexpensive adsorbents of potentially toxic trace elements (PTTEs) in the environment. The present study investigated the absorption of Pb, Zn, Cu and Ni by natural and potassium persulfate (K2S2O8) modified humic acids (HAs) isolated from a lowland peat through batch experiments. The adsorption of the studied PTTEs on the natural HA was satisfactorily described by the Langmuir isotherm model with maximum monolayer adsorption capacities of 318.2, 286.5, 225.0 and 136.8 mmol/kg for Pb, Cu, Zn and Ni, respectively. A thorough characterization of the natural and modified HA using 13C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy demonstrated that the chemical modification of natural HA with K2S2O8 led to an increase in the content of carboxyl groups, and ketone and quinoid fragments in the HA structure. Consequently, the modified HA absorbed 16.3, 14.2, 10.6 and 6.9% more Pb, Ni, Zn and Cu, respectively, than the original natural HA. The isotherm data modeling together with adsorbent characterization suggested that the adsorption of PTTEs was controlled mainly by chemisorption mechanisms where inner-sphere complexations of metal ions with HA functional groups took place.

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Journal Article
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Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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11 Aug 2020 14:00
Last Modified:
20 Sep 2023 01:36