Life course exposures continually shape antibody profiles and risk of seroconversion to influenza

Yang, Bingyi and Lessler, Justin and Zhu, Huachen and Jiang, Chao Qiang and Read, Jonathan M. and Hay, James A and Kwok, Kin On and Shen, Ruiyin and Guan, Yi and Riley, Steven and Cummings, Derek A T (2020) Life course exposures continually shape antibody profiles and risk of seroconversion to influenza. PLoS Pathogens, 16 (7). ISSN 1553-7366

Full text not available from this repository.


Complex exposure histories and immune mediated interactions between influenza strains contribute to the life course of human immunity to influenza. Antibody profiles can be generated by characterizing immune responses to multiple antigenically variant strains, but how these profiles vary across individuals and determine future responses is unclear. We used hemagglutination inhibition titers from 21 H3N2 strains to construct 777 paired antibody profiles from people aged 2 to 86, and developed novel metrics to capture features of these profiles. Total antibody titer per potential influenza exposure increases in early life, then decreases in middle age. Increased titers to one or more strains were seen in 97.8% of participants during a roughly four-year interval, suggesting widespread influenza exposure. While titer changes were seen to all strains, recently circulating strains exhibited the greatest titer rise. Higher pre-existing, homologous titers at baseline reduced the risk of seroconversion to recent strains. After adjusting for homologous titer, we also found an increased frequency of seroconversion against recent strains among those with higher immunity to older previously exposed strains. Including immunity to previously exposures also improved the deviance explained by the models. Our results suggest that a comprehensive quantitative description of immunity encompassing past exposures could lead to improved correlates of risk of influenza infection.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
PLoS Pathogens
Uncontrolled Keywords:
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
14 Aug 2020 12:55
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2023 01:49