A Terahertz Chiral Metamaterial modulator

Kindness, Stephen and Almond, Nikita and Wei, Binbin and Michailow, Wladislaw and Delfanazari, Kaveh and Braeuninger-Weimer, Philipp and Hofmann, Stephan and Beere, Harvey E. and Ritchie, David and Degl'Innocenti, Riccardo (2020) A Terahertz Chiral Metamaterial modulator. Advanced Optical Materials, 8 (21). ISSN 2195-1071

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Active control of chirality in artificial media such as metamaterials is fundamental in many scientific areas, ranging from research into fundamental optical phenomena to the investigation of novel materials, spectroscopy, and imaging. Precise control of the light polarization states has great importance for light‐matter interaction in chemistry and biology, as media with diverse chiral properties react differently to the incoming polarization of light. In this work an active double layer metamaterial device based on vertically stacked ring resonators is realized by integrating electrostatically tunable graphene as an active element. The device is characterized with a THz time domain spectroscopic system demonstrating an all‐electrical control of circular dichroism and optical activity at ≈2 THz, reporting a tunable ellipticity of 0.55–0.98 and >20° rotation of the plane polarization, respectively, by modifying the conductivity of graphene. Further integration with a narrow frequency quantum cascade laser emitting at ≈1.9 THz, in a crossed polarizer experimental arrangement, realizes an active amplitude modulator, hence highlighting the versatility of this approach. These results represent an important milestone for the investigation of novel concepts in optics and in several applications in the THz range, such as wireless communications and spectroscopy.

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Journal Article
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Advanced Optical Materials
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Deposited On:
10 Aug 2020 12:55
Last Modified:
03 May 2022 04:11