Identification of BBX proteins as rate-limiting cofactors of HY5

Bursch, K. and Toledo-Ortiz, G. and Pireyre, M. and Lohr, M. and Braatz, C. and Johansson, H. (2020) Identification of BBX proteins as rate-limiting cofactors of HY5. Nature Plants, 6. pp. 921-928. ISSN 2055-0278

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As a source of both energy and environmental information, monitoring of incoming light is crucial for plants to optimize growth throughout development1. Concordantly, the light signalling pathways in plants are highly integrated with numerous other regulatory pathways2,3. One of these signal integrators is the basic leucine zipper domain (bZIP) transcription factor LONG HYPOCOTYL 5 (HY5), which has a key role as a positive regulator of light signalling in plants4,5. Although HY5 is thought to act as a DNA-binding transcriptional regulator6,7, the lack of any apparent transactivation domain8 makes it unclear how HY5 is able to accomplish its many functions. Here we describe the identification of three B-box containing proteins (BBX20, BBX21 and BBX22) as essential partners for HY5-dependent modulation of hypocotyl elongation, anthocyanin accumulation and transcriptional regulation. The bbx20 bbx21 bbx22 (bbx202122) triple mutant mimics the phenotypes of hy5 in the light and its ability to suppress the cop1 mutant phenotype in darkness. Furthermore, 84% of genes that exhibit differential expression in bbx202122 are also regulated by HY5, and we provide evidence that HY5 requires the B-box proteins for transcriptional regulation. Finally, expression of a truncated dark-stable version of HY5 (HY5(ΔN77)) together with BBX21 mutated in its VP motif strongly promoted de-etiolation in dark-grown seedlings, demonstrating the functional interdependence of these factors. In sum, this work clarifies long-standing questions regarding HY5 action and provides an example of how a master regulator might gain both specificity and dynamicity through the obligate dependence of cofactors.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Nature Plants
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? plant science ??
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Deposited On:
12 Aug 2020 14:20
Last Modified:
08 May 2024 00:14