Designing effective solid catalysts for biomass conversion:Aerobic oxidation of ethyl lactate to ethyl pyruvate

Zhang, Wei and Ensing, Bernd and Raveendran, Shiju and Rothenberg, Gadi (2018) Designing effective solid catalysts for biomass conversion:Aerobic oxidation of ethyl lactate to ethyl pyruvate. Green Chemistry, 20 (8). pp. 1866-1873. ISSN 1463-9262

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Abstract

The direct oxidative dehydrogenation of lactates with molecular oxygen is a promising route for producing bio-based pyruvates. But practical implementation of this route means high yields and mild conditions, which in turn require expensive noble-metal catalysts. Here we report a novel catalytic approach for efficient conversion of ethyl lactate to ethyl pyruvate. We show that vanadia supported on activated carbon acts synergistically with homogeneous pyridine-type additives, giving high conversion and selectivity. Control experiments and simulations show that the reaction follows a two-step pathway: first, the pyridine–lactate complex forms, followed by transfer to the vanadium active site where the oxidation occurs. Building on these results, we design a new solid catalyst where the vanadia sites are impregnated on a pyridine-rich carbonaceous support made from poly(4-vinylpyridine). This catalyst, made from abundant elements, combines the advantages of the homogeneous pyridine additive and the vanadia active site. This combination lowers the local mass-transfer barriers and improves the stability. The catalyst gives over 90% selectivity at 80% conversion at 130 °C and 1 atm oxygen, and can be reused at least five times without losing activity.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Green Chemistry
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2300/2310
Subjects:
ID Code:
145791
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
21 Jul 2020 10:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
30 Sep 2020 09:53