SERIAL-ORDER recall in working memory across the cognitive spectrum of Parkinson’s disease and neuroimaging correlates

Bezdicek, Ondrej and Ballarini, Tommaso and Albrecht, Franziska and Libon, David J. and Lamar, Melissa and Růžička, Filip and Roth, Jan and Hurlstone, Mark J. and Mueller, Karsten and Schroeter, Matthias L. and Jech, Robert (2020) SERIAL-ORDER recall in working memory across the cognitive spectrum of Parkinson’s disease and neuroimaging correlates. Journal of Neuropsychology. ISSN 1748-6645

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Abstract

We sought to determine if Parkinson's disease (PD) with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is associated with a greater SERIAL-ORDER (mental manipulation) than ANY-ORDER (auditory span, storage) deficit in working memory (WM). We investigated WM combining neuropsychological measures with the study of brain functional connectivity. A cohort of 160 patients with idiopathic PD, classified as PD-MCI (n = 87) or PD with normal cognition (PD-NC; n = 73), and 70 matched healthy controls were studied. Verbal WM was assessed with the Backward Digit Span Task (BDT; Lamar et al., 2007, Neuropsychologia, 45, 245), measuring SERIAL-ORDER and ANY-ORDER recall. Resting-state MRI data were collected for 15 PD-MCI, 15 PD-NC and 30 controls. Hypothesis-driven seed-based functional connectivity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) was compared between the three groups and correlated with BDT performance. We found the main effect of the test (impairment in SERIAL ORDER > ANY ORDER) and group ((NC = PD-NC) > PD-MCI) in BDT performance that was even more pronounced in SERIAL ORDER when controlling for ANY ORDER variability but not vice versa. Furthermore, PD-MCI compared to other groups were characterized by the functional disconnection between the bilateral DLPFC and the cerebellum. In functional correlations, DLPFC connectivity was positively related to both SERIAL- and ANY-ORDER performance. In conclusion, PD-MCI patients evidenced greater SERIAL-ORDER (manipulation and cognitive control) than ANY-ORDER (storage) working memory impairment than PD-NC and controls with a disrupted DLPFC resting-state connectivity that was also related to the verbal WM performance.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Journal of Neuropsychology
Additional Information:
doi: 10.1111/jnp.12208
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2800/2802
Subjects:
ID Code:
145636
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Jul 2020 15:45
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
15 Sep 2020 05:10