Sequential dependencies in recall of sequences:Filling in the blanks

Hurlstone, Mark John (2013) Sequential dependencies in recall of sequences:Filling in the blanks. Memory and Cognition, 41. 938–952. ISSN 0090-502X

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Abstract

Sequential dependencies can provide valuable information about the processes supporting memory, particularly memory for serial order. Earlier analyses have suggested that anticipation errors—reporting items ahead of their correct position in the sequence—tend to be followed by recall of the displaced item, consistent with primacy gradient models of serial recall. However, a more recent analysis instead suggests that anticipation errors are followed by further anticipation errors, consistent with chaining models. We report analyses of 21 conditions from published serial recall data sets, in which we observed a systematic pattern whereby anticipations tended to be followed by the “filling in” of displaced items. We note that cases where a different pattern held tended to apply to recall of longer lists under serial learning conditions or to conditions where participants were free to skip over items. Although the different patterns that can be observed might imply a dissociation (e.g., between short- and long-term memory), we show that these different patterns are naturally predicted by Farrell’s (Psychological Review 119:223–271, 2012) model of short-term and episodic memory and relate to whether or not spontaneously formed groups of items can be skipped over during recall.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Memory and Cognition
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3205
Subjects:
ID Code:
145548
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 Jul 2020 11:30
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
13 Jul 2020 11:30