Development and validation of the Personal Values Dictionary:A theory-driven tool for investigating references to basic human values in text

Ponizovskiy, Vladimir and Ardag, M. Murat and Grigoryan, Lusine and Boyd, Ryan and Dobewall, Henrik and Holtz, Peter (2020) Development and validation of the Personal Values Dictionary:A theory-driven tool for investigating references to basic human values in text. European Journal of Personality. ISSN 0890-2070

[img]
Text (EJP-19-2832.R3_Proof_hi)
EJP_19_2832.R3_Proof_hi.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial.

Download (1MB)

Abstract

Estimating psychological constructs from natural language has the potential to expand the reach and applicability of personality science. Research on the Big Five has produced methods to reliably assess personality traits from text, but the development of comparable tools for personal values is still in the early stages. Based on the Schwartz theory of basic human values, we developed a dictionary for the automatic assessment of references to personal values in text. To refine and validate the dictionary, we used Facebook updates, blog posts, essays, and book chapters authored by over 180,000 individuals. The results show high reliability for the dictionary and a pattern of correlations between the value types in line with the circumplex structure. We found small to moderate (rs=.1-.4) but consistent correlations between dictionary scores and self-reported scores for 7 out of 10 values. Correlations between the dictionary scores and age, gender, and political orientation of the author and scores for other established dictionaries mostly followed theoretical predictions. The Personal Values Dictionary can be used to assess references to value orientations in textual data, such as tweets, blog posts, or status updates, and will stimulate further research in methods to assess human basic values from text.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
European Journal of Personality
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/3200/3207
Subjects:
ID Code:
145313
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
06 Jul 2020 09:00
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2020 05:30