Field-aligned current ordering in ground and space measurements

Dunlop, Malcolm and Yang, Junying and Dong, Xiangcheng and Freeman, Mervyn and Rogers, Neil and Wild, Jim and Forsyth, Colin and Cao, Jinbin and Lühr, Hermann and Xiong, Chao (2020) Field-aligned current ordering in ground and space measurements. In: European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2020, 2020-05-042020-05-08, Online.

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Abstract

The orientation of field-aligned current sheets (FACs) can be inferred from dual-spacecraft correlations of the FAC signatures between two Swarm spacecraft (A and C), using the maximum correlations obtained from sliding data segments. Statistical analysis of both the correlations and the inferred orientations shows clear trends in magnetic local time (MLT) which reveal behaviour of both large and small scale currents. The maximum correlation coefficients show distinct behaviour in terms of either the time shift, or the shift in longitude between Swarm A and C for various filtering levels. The lower-latitude FACs show the strongest correlations for a broad range of MLT centred on dawn and dusk, with a higher correlation coefficient on the dusk-side and lower correlations near noon and midnight, and broadly follow the mean shape of the auroral boundary for the lower latitudes corresponding to Region 2 FACs (and are most well-ordered on the dusk side). Individual events sampled by higher altitude spacecraft (e.g. the 4 Cluster spacecraft), in conjunction with Swarm (mapping both to region 1 and 2), also show two different domains of FACs: time variable, small-scale (10s km), and more stationary large-scale (>100 km) FACs. We investigate further how these FAC regimes are dependent on geomagnetic activity, focusing on high activity events. Both the statistical trends, and individual conjugate events, show comparable effects seen in the ground magnetometer signals (dH/dt) during storm/substorm activity and show distributions that are similar.

Item Type:
Contribution to Conference (Other)
Journal or Publication Title:
European Geosciences Union General Assembly 2020
Subjects:
ID Code:
144773
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
17 Jun 2021 13:15
Refereed?:
No
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
14 Aug 2021 07:48