Automatic robust estimation for exponential smoothing : Perspectives from statistics and machine learning

Barrow, Devon and Kourentzes, Nikolaos and Sandberg, Rickard and Niklewski, Jacek (2020) Automatic robust estimation for exponential smoothing : Perspectives from statistics and machine learning. Expert Systems with Applications, 160: 113637. ISSN 0957-4174

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A major challenge in automating the production of a large number of forecasts, as often required in many business applications, is the need for robust and reliable predictions. Increased noise, outliers and structural changes in the series, all too common in practice, can severely affect the quality of forecasting. We investigate ways to increase the reliability of exponential smoothing forecasts, the most widely used family of forecasting models in business forecasting. We consider two alternative sets of approaches, one stemming from statistics and one from machine learning. To this end, we adapt M-estimators, boosting and inverse boosting to parameter estimation for exponential smoothing. We propose appropriate modifications that are necessary for time series forecasting while aiming to obtain scalable algorithms. We evaluate the various estimation methods using multiple real datasets and find that several approaches outperform the widely used maximum likelihood estimation. The novelty of this work lies in (1) demonstrating the usefulness of M-estimators, (2) and of inverse boosting, which outperforms standard boosting approaches, and (3) a comparative look at statistics versus machine learning inspired approaches.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Expert Systems with Applications
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Expert Systems with Applications. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Expert Systems with Applications, 160, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.eswa.2020.113637
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? forecastingexponential smoothingm-estimatorsboostingbaggingartificial intelligenceengineering(all)computer science applications ??
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Deposited On:
11 Jun 2020 08:58
Last Modified:
17 Dec 2023 01:48