Long-term influence of maize stover and its derived biochar on soil structure and organo-mineral complexes in Northeast China

Sun, Qiang and Meng, Jun and Sarkar, Binoy and Lan, Yu and Lin, Li and Li, Haifeng and Yang, Xu and Yang, Tiexin and Chen, Wenfu and Wang, Hailong (2020) Long-term influence of maize stover and its derived biochar on soil structure and organo-mineral complexes in Northeast China. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 27. pp. 28374-28383. ISSN 0944-1344

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The influence of biochar on the soil structure and aggregate stability has been debated in previous studies. To probe the action of biochar on soil aggregates, a 5-year field experiment was implemented in the brown earth soil of northeastern China. We determined the aggregate distribution (> 2000 μm, 250–2000 μm, 53–250 μm, and < 53 μm) and organic carbon (OC) and organo-mineral complex contents both in the topsoil (0–20 cm) and within the soil aggregates. Three treatments were studied as follows: control (basal application of mineral NPK fertilizer), biochar (biochar applied at a rate of 2.625 t ha−1), and stover (maize stover applied at a rate of 7.5 t ha−1), and all treatments received the same fertilization. The biochar and stover applications decreased the soil bulk and particle densities significantly (p < 0.05) and enhanced the soil total porosity. Both amendments significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced the total OC, heavy OC fractions, and organo-mineral complex quantities in the bulk soil as well as in all the studied aggregate fractions. Biochar and stover applications promoted the formation of small macroaggregates. A greater amount of organic matter was contained in the macroaggregates, which led to the formation of more organo-mineral complexes, thereby improving soil aggregate stability. However, the different mechanisms underlying the effect of biochar and stover on organo-mineral complexes need further research. Biochar and stover applications are both effective methods of improving the soil structure in Northeast China.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Environmental Science and Pollution Research
Additional Information:
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11356-020-08171-y
Uncontrolled Keywords:
?? environmental chemistrypollutionhealth, toxicology and mutagenesis ??
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21 May 2020 13:45
Last Modified:
15 Jul 2024 20:40