An Information Theoretic approach to Post Randomization Methods under Differential Privacy

Ayed, Fadhel and Battiston, Marco and Camerlenghi, Federico (2020) An Information Theoretic approach to Post Randomization Methods under Differential Privacy. Statistics and Computing, 30. 1347–1361. ISSN 0960-3174

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Abstract

Post Randomization Methods (PRAM) are among the most popular disclosure limitation techniques for both categorical and continuous data. In the categorical case, given a stochastic matrix M and a specified variable, an individual belonging to category i is changed to category j with probability Mi,j . Every approach to choose the randomization matrix M has to balance between two desiderata: 1) preserving as much statistical information from the raw data as possible; 2) guaranteeing the privacy of individuals in the dataset. This trade-off has generally been shown to be very challenging to solve. In this work, we use recent tools from the computer science literature and propose to choose M as the solution of a constrained maximization problems. Specifically, M is chosen as the solution of a constrained maximization problem, where we maximize the Mutual Information between raw and transformed data, given the constraint that the transformation satisfies the notion of Differential Privacy. For the general Categorical model, it is shown how this maximization problem reduces to a convex linear programming and can be therefore solved with known optimization algorithms.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Statistics and Computing
Additional Information:
The final publication is available at Springer via http://dx.doi.org/[insert DOI]
Uncontrolled Keywords:
/dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/1800/1804
Subjects:
ID Code:
144100
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
18 May 2020 13:35
Refereed?:
Yes
Published?:
Published
Last Modified:
18 Sep 2020 05:26