What am I supposed to be looking at?:Controls and measures in inter-modal preferential looking

Alcock, Katie and Watts, Sarah and Horst, Jessica (2020) What am I supposed to be looking at?:Controls and measures in inter-modal preferential looking. Infant Behavior and Development, 60. ISSN 0163-6383

[thumbnail of IMPL hearing and seeing only preprint]
Text (IMPL hearing and seeing only preprint)
IMPL_hearing_and_seeing_only_preprint.pdf - Accepted Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs.

Download (262kB)


Intermodal preferential looking (IMPL) is widely used in experimental studies of infant development, especially language development. Control measures vary, and it is not clear how these affect findings. We examined effects of parental awareness of stimuli. Infants (17-19mo) looked at paired pictures, one name-known and one name-unknown, each assigned target status in 50% of trials. Infants looked longer at a name-known than a name-unknown target, regardless of parents’ awareness. When parents were aware, looking to a name-unknown target increased over a paired name-known non-target. There is evidence that infants’ looking at pictures in this paradigm is not due to direct matching of targets to novel names, but is influenced by additional cues present, in a way that could alter the conclusions of studies of infant word learning and other aspects of infant learning. Implications of these findings are discussed, emphasising replicability and theoretical conclusions drawn from studies using this method.

Item Type:
Journal Article
Journal or Publication Title:
Infant Behavior and Development
Additional Information:
This is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Infant Behavior and Development. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Infant Behavior and Development, 60, 2020 DOI: 10.1016/j.infbeh.2020.101449
Uncontrolled Keywords:
ID Code:
Deposited By:
Deposited On:
13 May 2020 11:50
Last Modified:
17 Sep 2023 02:49